Are you looking for how to reduce melanin in the body permanently? Then, you have landed in right place. Melanin is a term used to denote a group of natural pigments in most organisms. There are mainly five types of melanin: pheomelanin, eumelanin, allomelanin, neuromelanin, and pyomelanin. The most common is the eumelanin, which is again of two types: brown eumelanin and black eumelanin.
The monogenesis in human skin is initiated with UV radiation exposure, which causes skin darkening. Melanin is the pigment that reflects the color of skin, eyes, and hair. It is formed by melanocytes, available in the outer portion of our skin.
Almost all human being owns the same number of melanocytes. But, there are some people whose cells produce more melanin. They make certain types of melanin more than others. It is found in studies that the more melanin you have, the darker your skin is.
In many cases, cells of a certain area start producing more melanin, causing the darkening of the skin. Doctors may identify this as hyperpigmentation. You will know you are getting affected by hyperpigmentation when you notice uneven patches on your skin or a certain area starts getting darker than others.
With the advancement of science and technology and many natural remedies, identifying and treating hyperpigmentation is possible. However, there are various limitations and risks related to that. In this blog, you will know everything about melanin and discover how to reduce melanin in the body permanently or temporarily.
Can we permanently reduce melanin production?
Every human beings’ body produces melanin continuously. The amount of melanin might vary and be determined by genetics. So, of course, you can lighten and maybe remove existing hyperpigmentation. However, there is no guarantee that it won’t return. Thus, it is impossible to permanently reduce melanin production in your body without regular skin lightening treatments.
How can one reduce existing melanin deposits?
There are various methods by using which you can reduce existing melanin deposits in the skin. Some of the ways are mentioned below. However, before considering the methods, it is best to consult a doctor and receive the proper guidance.
In this method, a pulse of light is used to remove the outermost layer of skin. It helps in decreasing melanin in the targeted areas. There are many types of laser treatments, such as:
- An ablative laser removes the outer skin layers and best treats discoloration.
- Non Ablative lasers work more gently than ablative lasers. It helps in promoting collagen growth, allowing new production of the skin. One such widely popular treatment is Intense pulse light (IPL). It is done using pulses of light energy that target sunspots and destroy the melanin, removing discolored spots.
- Q-switched ruby laser (QSRL) uses a pulse of light, which heats and dissolves the affected skin.
Let’s be clear that laser therapy or treatment is not for everyone and should not be done randomly. It can have many side effects, such as scarring, infection, and discoloration. Before jumping into any laser treatment, consult a dermatologist and determine if you are suitable for the procedure.
Apply able creams or ointments
You can use creams or ointments to lighten your dark spots. The products can help in decreasing existing melanin in the affected areas. You must use the dark spot lightening products per the dermatologist’s prescription you consulted. Generally, in the lightening products, you will find one of the following ingredients:
- Kojic acid
- Vitamin C
- Azelaic acid
- Glycolic acid
The main properties required for melanin synthesis are present in many of these suppress tyrosinase. All these slow down the melanin production and gradually lightens the affected skin.
Side effects of skin lightening products
However, it is strongly suggested to avoid skin lightening products just for lightening a skin tone and not just the pigmentation. They are known for causing many side effects, such as:
- Irritation on skin.
- Visible dryness.
- Itchiness on the outer layer of the skin.
- Redness and rashes.
Human skin is very delicate. Thus, you should consult a dermatologist before applying any lightening creams or ointments.
How to slow down melanin production without being involved in medical treatments?
Many natural remedies can slow down melanin production. The methods don’t involve any medical treatments yet are very effective. They are all dependent on sun care habits and a few natural remedy options.
Sunscreen and sun exposure
The main work of melanin is to protect your skin from the damages caused by the sun. As your skin gets exposed to the sun, automatically, your skin starts producing more melanin. Applying sunscreen will reduce the process of making melanin. A good quality sunscreen protects the skin from UV radiation and gradually helps in decreasing melanin production.
There are many types of sunscreen available in the market. However, according to some research, it is found that the best sunscreen is broad-spectrum, has SPF 30 or more, and is water-resistant. Sunscreen doesn’t claim to block 100% effect of the harmful UV rays. It helps in reducing the amount of melanin produced by your skin.
Following are some more tips you must follow to keep your skin healthy:
- Limit exposure to the sun as much as possible.
- Try staying indoors from 10:00 am to 2:00 pm, as the UV rays are stronger during that period.
- Wear protective clothing, like long sleeves, and sun protection accessories like hats, sunglasses, etc.
- Try to avoid tanning beds.
- Avoid products that include chemicals. Rely more on natural remedies.
Many people claim that natural remedies can lighten the skin. However, it is still not sure how long those remedies can take to work. Thus, staying calm and having patience are very important if you want to see results after natural remedies. Besides, regular skincare is important and must be followed as per routine. So, let’s jump and find out the natural remedies that can help reduce the effects of melanin production.
We all know and have been using turmeric in our DIY remedies for ages. But, do you know that the active compounds available in turmeric may help in reducing melanin synthesis? Yes, that is right. Turmeric has components like curcumin, which works in slowing down tyrosinase—resulting in suppressing the ability of melanocytes to produce more melanin in your skin.
Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe Vera helps in blurring out the effects of sun exposure. This magical plan has aloesin, a compound useful to suppress tyrosinase. You can use aloe vera gel to help lighten the hyperpigmentation caused due to excess production of melanin.
Vitamin C is an essential component of healthy skin. Lemon juice has a high content of vitamin C in it. According to various researches done over time, it is found that vitamin C can reduce tyrosinase activity at a high rate. It results in preventing the formation of melanin. However, lemon juice can have an anti-pigmentation effect, but it can be harsh on the skin. So, it is suggested to dilute before using and avoid the sun after application.
Applying skin bleaching products such as hydroquinone can help in decreasing the number of melanocytes in your skin. It can help lighten your skin and help you get a more even skin tone.
The components known as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) are found in Green tea. It can help in preventing melanin accumulation. Green tea has many benefits of its own. It helps in slowing melanin production.
What are the precautions you must take while you head towards skin lightening?
Natural skin is the best. You must take care in maintaining good health for your skin. Skin lightening comes with several risks. However, if you are determined that you want to try reducing melanin, you must keep the following points in mind:
- More melanin means more protection from UV rays. Low melanin production can raise the risk of wrinkles, discoloration, and uneven texture.
- Skin lightening can increase the risk of skin cancer.
- It can increase irritation and sensitivity. The skin lightening method can be harsh on the skin and damage it. Many treatments can develop various side effects such as itchiness, redness, and contact dermatitis.
- There are many injectable skin-lightening products available in the market. However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Trusted Source, recommends not to use them. There is no evidence of the effectiveness of those products. Instead, it may bring various health risks.
To conclude, skin lightening treatment can reduce melanin production in your skin, but the outcomes are not permanent. A maximum of them work by suppressing the enzyme required to form melanin. Permanent reduction of melanin production isn’t possible, as melanin formation is determined by genetics.
Thus, if you are suffering from hyperpigmentation, consult a doctor and do as suggested. Only they can guide you to the best treatments or remedies required.
Besides, if you feel we have missed any information, please comment with the updated information. We will be pleased to provide the best information to the world for your efforts. This is all about on how to reduce melanin in the body permanently.