Centrifugal juicers are some of the most popular types of juicers available in the market today. But why are they so popular and what are the other types? There are a lot of questions that you have to know the answers to before deciding to find the right fit to bring home yourself.
So first of all, centrifugal juicers are a type of electrical appliance that uses centrifugal force to rapidly spin an item to extract their juice. This seems a simple enough explanation but then how are they different from the other types of juicers like masticating or triturating? This is again something that you need to know about. In this blog, our aim is to demystify the topic completely and tell you all about how centrifugal juicers work, how they are different from the other types, their key features and how to use these types of juicers to get the most out of them.
A Detailed Look at How Centrifugal Juicers Work
The centrifugal juicing process is aptly named because it utilizes centrifugal force. Here is a step-by-step look at what happens inside a centrifugal juicer:
- Produce is dropped into the feed chute. Centrifugal juicers tend to have wide mouths that can accommodate whole fruits and vegetables.
- At the bottom of the feed chute sits a flat, toothed shredding disc that spins at very high speeds (typically 3,000-16,000 RPM).
- The fast spinning shredder grinds up the produce into small chunks and shreds.
- Centrifugal force pushes the juice out through tiny holes in an outer strainer basket while the pulp remains inside.
- The strainer basket separates the juice from the pulp. Juice flows out the spout into a waiting container.
- The pulp stays behind in the strainer basket and eventually exits through a separate pulp ejection system into a pulp container.
This lightning fast shredding and spinning process is what allows centrifugal juicers to juice produce so quickly. Juicing time is generally less than 5 minutes start to finish.
Centrifugal force is the secret to how these juicers can rapidly extract juice from fruits and veggies. But it’s not quite as simple as just spinning produce really fast. There are a few other key components that enable a centrifugal juicer to work efficiently.
Key Parts and Components of a Centrifugal Juicer
Centrifugal juicers have a simple design with only a handful of parts. Here are the main components and how they work together:
Motor – This provides the power to spin the shredding disc at high speeds. The motor is typically rated between 300-1000 watts. More powerful motors have higher RPMs for faster juicing.
Feed Chute/Hopper – The opening at the top where produce is inserted into the juicer. Many feature extra wide mouths (3 inches or larger).
Shredding Disc – A flat disc lined with sharp teeth or blades that spins rapidly to grind up fruits and veggies. Stainless steel discs stay sharp longer.
Strainer Basket – Surrounds the shredding disc and separates juice from pulp via tiny holes or mesh screen.
Pulp Container – Collects the separated pulp for disposal.
Juice Container – The juice flows out of the spout into this container to drink. Looks similar to a measuring cup.
Safety Locking Arm – This positions the juicing chamber over the motor and locks it securely in place during operation.
By coordinating the high speed motor, spinning shredder, and centrifugal straining basket, centrifugal juicers can deliver fresh juice fast. But how does this type of juicer actually compare to other options?
Key Benefits and Advantages of Centrifugal Juicers
Centrifugal juicers have several helpful benefits that make them appealing, especially for busy households:
The extremely high speeds extract juice in as little as 30 seconds to 1 minute. You can make fresh juice fast in the mornings.
Simple to Use
Centrifugal juicers have basic on/off controls and are easy to assemble. Great for juicing beginners.
Many centrifugal models have smaller footprints and vertical shapes to fit in tight kitchens.
Large Feed Chutes
No need to pre-cut produce. You can often juice whole fruits and veggies.
Easy to Clean
Components are simple to rinse off and reassemble. Some parts may be dishwasher safe.
For those seeking a fast, efficient, and wallet-friendly juicer, centrifugal models are very appealing. But some downsides exist as well.
Potential Drawbacks and Limitations of Centrifugal Juicers
The benefits come with a few compromises:
Can Be Loud
The high motor speeds generate noise. If you’re juicing early mornings, this could be disruptive.
Exposure to air can cause some oxidation and juice separation/foam. Drink juice right away for best quality.
Not Ideal for Greens
The shredding disc does not fully break down the cell walls in greens like wheatgrass or kale. Spinning causes heat that accelerates spoiling.
Heat and oxygen from fast spinning degrades some nutrients. Centrifugal juice may contain slightly fewer vitamins and enzymes than cold press juice.
The pulp still contains some moisture. Masticating juicers extract higher juice yields.
For some downsides, there are easy solutions. Getting a centrifugal juicer with adjustable speeds or a quieter motor can help with noise. And drinking juice immediately minimizes any oxidation or nutrient degradation.
Now that you understand how centrifugal juicers work and their pros and cons, let’s explore what features to look for when shopping.
Do Centrifugal Juicers Destroy Nutrients?
There is some controversy around whether the high speeds and heat generated by centrifugal juicers destroys nutrients compared to masticating juicers. Here are two sides of the debate:
Argument For Centrifugal Nutrient Loss
- Spinning produce at super high RPMs generates heat that can degrade heat sensitive nutrients, particularly antioxidants, enzymes, and vitamins like Vitamin C and A.
- Juice is exposed to air which can cause oxidation, especially with juicers that have wide feed chutes. This can reduce shelf life.
- Proponents of masticating juicers argue they preserve more nutrients since produce is crushed at much slower, cooler speeds with minimal oxidation.
Argument Against Centrifugal Nutrient Loss
- Many people claim centrifugal juicers retain most nutrients as long as you drink the juice immediately after juicing. This prevents degradation.
- The slower speed of masticating juicers may preserve more phytochemicals and enzymes. But not by a significant amount based on testing.
- Centrifugal juicing is so fast and convenient, you’re likely to juice more frequently and get more nutrients than if you own a masticating model.
There seems to be merit to both perspectives. The minimal nutrient degradation from centrifugal juicers may be offset by increased convenience and intake of fresh juices. But for maximum phytochemicals, enzymes, and shelf life, masticating performs slightly better.
Frequently Asked Questions About Centrifugal Juicers
If you’re considering a centrifugal juicer, here are answers to some common questions:
What Types of Produce Can You Juice?
Centrifugal juicers can juice most common fruits and vegetables. They perform best with hard produce like apples, carrots, beets, pears, celery, and ginger. Softer produce like berries, tomatoes, and citrus also juice well. Leafy greens like spinach, kale, and wheatgrass can be juiced but require some prep first.
How Long Does Centrifugal Juice Last in the Fridge?
For maximum nutrition, you’ll want to drink centrifugal juices immediately. But juices can last 24-48 hours if stored in an airtight container in the fridge. Greens and celery juice less than 12 hours ideally.
What’s the Difference Between Centrifugal and Cold Press Juicers?
Cold press is essentially a marketing term for masticating juicers. Cold press masticating juicers crush produce slowly at cooler temperatures to minimize oxidation. But they’re more expensive. Centrifugal models offer speed and affordability while still extracting high quality juice.
How Do You Clean a Centrifugal Juicer?
Rinse components immediately after juicing under running water. Soap and water can be used as needed for tougher stains. Avoid abrasive scrubbers. Many brands have dishwasher safe parts but hand washing is recommended. Refer to the manufacturer’s cleaning instructions.
What Are Some Recommended Centrifugal Juicer Brands?
Some of the best juicer brands are Breville, Mueller Austria, Hamilton Beach, Cuisinart, and Aicook. Look for a brand with a powerful motor, stainless steel components, sizable warranties, and quality reputation.
Here, is a list of some of the most popular Juicer available in India