17 Indian Scientists and Their Inventions As of 2024

The history of Indian scientists is incredible. We are very proud of the fact that India has produced some of the world’s most prominent scientists. My new blog discusses those famous Indian scientists and their inventions and ideas that have shaken the world. All great inventions are the result of imagination. A few great scientists were able to bring to life the thoughts that once originated in minds. I have listed the scientists from India who have demonstrated exemplary thought processes, imagination, and practical ability that come to mind. Scientists from India have been making significant contributions to many such areas as chemistry, physics, biology, medicine, and mathematics. There are also other scientists who have contributed substantially to the advancement of science in other countries. The blog discusses the names, inventions, and contributions of Indian scientists over the course of history.

Life would not be the same without science. Inventors and observers are scientists who are curious about what they do. When solving problems, scientists prefer to experiment. The world has been gifted some of India’s greatest scientists, whose discoveries are evident in their inventions. Scientists spend a great deal of time researching at the library and at their desks. They are constantly trying to come up with new and innovative ideas. It would have been a world in darkness without Thomas Alva Edison’s sustained efforts. Many scientists dedicate their lives to help humanity. This makes them more compassionate and selfless.

List of famous Indian scientists and their Inventions

Scientists and inventors have made many discoveries and invented many new things over the last two centuries. This has caused science and technology to grow exponentially. Indians never lag behind in exploring the horizons unknown to humanity, whether it’s space exploration, atomic energy, or quantum physics. With their inventions and scientific discoveries, Indian scientists and their inventions have displayed their intellect and brilliance at times. Scientists and geniuses in India’s history have been highly regarded for their contributions in the field of technology and science. Few of the Indian scientists have affected the world through their innovations and set standards through their creative work. In this blog, we will bring you detailed information about the top Indian scientists’ names and their inventions.

01. CV Raman

Physicist and scientist, CV Raman was an important figure in India. His pioneering studies on light scattering led to Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman winning the Nobel Prize in 1930 I the field of Physics. He was born in Tiruchirappalli on 7th November 1888. He is considered to be the first Indian to receive first non-White and the first Asian to win a Nobel Prize in an academic field.

Inventions-He invented that when light is passing through a transparent medium causes it to break up into various and different wavelengths and take on different colors. In fact, rainbows are caused by the Raman Effect when rain falls on partly cloudy days. Raman is also well known for his work on musical instruments. In addition, he also invented and determined the harmonic nature of the sound produced by tablas and mridangams. Raman died at the age of 82 in 1971 in Bangalore, India.

02. Homi Jehangir Bhabha

Born in Bombay on 30th October 1909, he was active in the fields of physics and mathematics. Theoretical physicist and scientist Homi Jehangir Bhabha is regarded as one of the greatest Indian scientists. In 1948, he was appointed as the first chairman of India’s Atomic Energy Commission. He played a key role in convincing the Nehru government to launch India’s nuclear program. The Indian Atomic Energy Program is famously designed by him. The world also knows him as the “Father of Nuclear Power”. It is known to very few people that he opposed India making atomic bombs even if the nation had the resources to do it. In his proposal, he suggested that India’s misery and poverty could be alleviated by building an atomic reactor.

Homi Jehangir Bhabha

Invention – He is very well known for his work for the Indian nuclear program, the Bhabha Scattering Theorem, and the Cascade Process of cosmic radiation point particles.

03. Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray

He was born on 2nd August 1861. Prafulla Chandra Ray is considered the father of Indian Chemistry. Prafulla Chandra Ray is known as the father of Indian Chemistry. He was one of the greatest scientists, industrialists,s, and philanthropists of his time. A highly experienced academician and chemist, he was known for his expertise. The first pharmaceutical company in India was formed by him which was named The Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals. To devote himself to the study of medicine and to take an active part in politics, he remained a bachelor throughout his entire life. He was noted for his work in Bengal. As a result of his experience and skills, he was selected for many initiatives and political topics.

Inventions- He was the inventor of “Mercurous Nitrite”. A study of isomorphic mixes and molecular combinations was presented in his thesis, entitled “Conjugated Sulfate of Copper Magnesium Group.” Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals was also established by him.

04. Venkatraman Radhakrishnan

The renowned space scientist Venkataraman Radhakrishnan was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was born in Tondaripet, Chennai in the year 1929. A member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences and globally renowned space scientist, Venkataraman was a global figure in the field. Astrophysicist and designer/fabricator of ultralight aircraft and sailboats, he was internationally renowned. As a result of his observations and theoretical contributions, interstellar clouds, pulsars, galaxy structures, and many other celestial bodies have been unraveled. At 81 years of age, he died in Bangalore.

Venkatraman Radhakrishnan

Invention- His great contribution and invention to the study of celestial bodies, interstellar clouds, and galaxy structures are well known. Additionally, he also invented and designed, and built light-weight aircraft and sailboats.

05. Salim Ali

Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali, also known as the Birdman of India, was born on 12th of November in Bombay, Maharashtra in the year 1896. Naturalist and ornithologist Salim Ali conducted systematic bird surveys in India for the first time. In addition to contributing to the development of the Bombay Natural History Society, he played an important role in establishing the Bharatpur bird sanctuary. His contributions led to him becoming one of the greatest scientists in India. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan in 1959 and 1976 for his contributions. Sidney Dillon Ripley and he collaborated on ten volumes of the Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan. He died on June 20, 1987.

Salim Ali

Invention- He pioneered systematic bird surveys in India and abroad. He also invented and developed ornithology. Salim was always compassionate and selfless towards animals and birds. He is also known for his conservation efforts for the environment. His dedication to the subject led to the naming of several bird species and bird refuges after him. His works and thesis allowed ornithology to gain more popularity.

06. Jagadish Chandra Bose

Every student has heard at least once about Jagadish Chandra Bose during a biology or sciences lecture. He was born in Mymensingh, Bangladesh, on November 30, 1858. His original goal was to go into the civil service in England, but later he changed his mind and obtained a degree in natural science at Cambridge instead. He was one of the famous scientists at his times.

Jagadish Chandra Bose

Invention – He invented Crescograph. By sensing very small movements within tissues, he concluded that plants are living entities. This device measures how plants respond to stimuli using a Crescograph. Plants can, in fact, feel pain, among other emotions. The father of Bengali science fiction, he was also a great science fiction writer. Also, none other than him did the pioneering research in microwave optics and radio.

07. Meghnad Saha

Meghnad Saha was born on October 6, 1893, in place in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and his most famous work is the Saha Equation, which explains the thermal ionization of elements. The spectra of stars can be interpreted with the help of this equation in astrophysics. A star’s spectrum can be used to find the temperature of the star and from there, Saha’s equation can be used to determine the state of ionization of the star’s various elements. Scientist and editor of Science and Culture, he was an eminent scientist. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics is named after him and was established in Kolkata in 1943. Saha passed away on February 16, 1956, in New Delhi.

Meghnad Saha

Invention- Meghnad Saha, an astronomer, and ionization equation developer is known for his scientific contributions to the interpretation of physical and chemical processes in stars. The chemistry and physics of stars have been explained by the Saha equation. The instrument he created measures the pressure and weight of the sun’s rays. Very few people know that he was also India’s chief architect for river planning. He was responsible for the original design of the Damodar Valley Project.

08. Shrinivasa Ramanujan

He was born on 22nd December 1887, in a place of Tamil Nadu. He was one of the most gifted mathematicians and scientists in India. Since the British rule of India, Srinivasa Ramanujan has been regarded as a legendary mathematician. His contributions to mathematics have given the subject new meaning, regardless of the fact that he has never taken any formal training in the subject. Mathematicians around the world were profoundly influenced by his logic. Mathematical analysis continued fractions, and number theory is some of his contributions. Srinivasa correlated his knowledge of mathematics with divinity. He once said: “An equation is meaningless if it does not express an idea from God.” National Mathematics Day is celebrated in India every year on this day.

Shrinivasa Ramanujan

Inventions- He had made an amazing invention and contribution to many fields such as infinite series, continued fractions, number theory, and complex analysis. In the early 20th century, he invented and devised an extremely efficient technique of measuring pi that later found its way into computer algorithms.

09. Har Gobind Khorana

Har Gobind Khurana is an award-winning Indian scientist. The Nobel Prize was awarded to him in 1968. In 1968, Khorana shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for his research on what we now call bacteria. Khorana was born in Raipur village in West Punjab (now in Pakistan) on January 9, 1922. A result of the study was a better understanding of how nucleotide order in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell carry the genetic code which affects how proteins are produced. Khorana synthesized an artificial gene for the first time in a living cell in 1970. Research in biotechnology and gene therapy has been shaped by much of his work.

Har Gobind Khorana

Invention-His major inventions have been the production of proteins through the use of enzyme chains

10. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

Sir M. Visvesvaraya’s name must be present whenever top Indian scientists are mentioned. His talents were numerous. On 15 Sep 1861, he was born near Chikkaballapur in Muddenahalli. Engineer’s Day is observed on his birthday each year. He was also selected as a British Indian Empire honorary knight commander and earned his degree in engineering from college. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya also constructed the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam and was a member of the Indian Science Congress as well as Tata Steel’s board of directors. According to Sir M V, India can become developed by becoming comparable to industrialized nations.

Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

Invention- He invented automatic doors for overflows called the Block System. The honorable title of “Sir” was bestowed upon him for his great accomplishments. These innovations are highly regarded and attributed to him. He is also credited with the invention of the Block Irrigation System and Automatic Sluice Gates. Its highest honor, the Bharat Ratna, was bestowed upon him by the Indian government

11. Birbal Sahni

Sahni, a paleobotanist from West Punjab, was born on November 14, 1891. He studied fossils from the Indian subcontinent. In addition to being a geologist, he was interested in archaeology. He was renowned for his work on paleobotany. The fossils of the Indian subcontinent have earned him a great deal of fame. Among the oldest fossils, he has discovered are from the Indian subcontinent. According to several reports, the fossils come from a variety of areas in the country.

Birbal Sahni

Invention- He studied and invented ancient fossils and discovered petrified wood of Homoxylon rajmahalense based on his study of the present-day plants of India as well as the historical context.

12. Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam was born in Rameswaram, India, on 15th October 1931. Known as a scientist and aeronautic engineer, Abdul Kalam has worked for Indian Space Research Organisations (ISRO) and Defence Research & Development Organisations (DRDO). Dr. Kalam begin his career when he designed a helicopter for the army of the Indian force. From 2007 to 2011, he was the President of India. In addition to his many titles as scientist, teacher, poet, leader, missile man and motivator. The world knows him by many other names.

Invention- It was he who invented ballistic missiles and launch vehicles, earning him the title of ‘Missile Man of India’. Additionally, APJ Abdul Kalam developed and operationalized the AGNI and PRITHVI missiles. A coronary stent, known as ‘Kalam-Raju-Stent’ that was developed in collaboration with cardiologist B Soma Raju, made healthcare accessible. The dams he built and consolidated across the country are known for increasing water supply and harnessing water resources

13. Raj Reddy

The Indian computer scientist Raj Reddy has won several awards for his work. He is considered one of the smartest people who have influenced the modern AI system today. A number of the AI systems that we use today like Google Assistant, Siri, Alexa and more are the result of his work related to large-scale artificial intelligence systems.

Raj Reddy

Invention- His work paved the way for what we know today as artificial intelligence. The work he did relates to developing large-scale intelligent systems.

14. Vikram Sarabhai

He was born in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, on 12 August 1919. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai is known as one of the famous Indian scientists, physicists, and astronomers. In India, he promoted space research and made a huge contribution to nuclear power. The ‘Father of the Indian Space Program’, Sarabhai was also famous for pioneering the space program. The whole family of Sarabhai contributed in one way or another to India’s Independence movement. The Indian space program and IIMR are some of his most well-known achievements.

Vikram Sarabhai

Invention- ‘Aryabhatta’ was the first Indian satellite launched by India in which Vikram Sarabhai played a major part. According to him, he stated that cosmic rays are streams of energetic particles coming from outer space. Physics and astronomy were his fields of expertise, and he helped build the Indian nuclear power program.

15. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, an eminent scientist, and statistician was born in Kolkata, West Bengal, on 29th June 1893. Mahalanobis is reputed as a statistical measure introduced by him. He founded The Indian Statistical Institute, and was also a member of independent India’s first Planning Commission. The study of anthropometry and large scale surveys he designed in India has had a huge impact on his work

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Invention- He invented and devised India’s industrialization strategy, based on Mahalanobis distance, in the Second Five-Year Plan.

16. Satyendranath Bose

In addition to being an eminent scientist and mathematician, Satyendranath Bose was also an accomplished physicist. The skills and knowledge he brought to several sovereign committees made India proud. In addition to biology, chemistry, and mineralogy, he showed a wide knowledge of the arts, literature, music, and mathematics. It is not only his contributions to science that have made India proud but also humankind to excel to the extent it has. We all believe that Rabindranath Tagore made an honorary dedication to Satyendar Nath Bose in his 1937 book Visva-Parichay to acknowledge his contributions to science. In 1954, the Government of India also awarded him the Padma Vibhushan.

Satyendranath Bose

Invention-In collaboration with Albert Einstein, he developed a theory about electromagnetic radiation having gaslike properties. Many of his major contributions to theoretical physics include the theory of Bose-Einstein condensate, quantum mechanics, and Bose-Einstein statistics.

17. Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar was born On 19th October 1910 in Lahore, Punjab, India. He was an Indian-American astrophysicist and scientist. Renowned Indian astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar is a name we should never forget. His study of the evolution of massive stars won him a Nobel Prize. His research areas included General Relativity, Radiation, Astrophysics, and Fluid Dynamics. Many astronomers sought answers to his questions about the evolution and structure of the stars. The evolution of stars and black holes is one of the most important ideas that led to stellar evolution

Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar

Invention-One of his most famous discoveries was that the massive stars were capable of collapsing under their own gravity. In today’s world, black holes or neutron stars are known as collapsed stars. He is the benefactor of the Chandrasekhar limit. White dwarf stars, fragments of dying stars, are one of his most notable works, studying the radiation of energy from them.


From our daily use of gadgets to the technologies we couldn’t live without, from light bulbs to space exploration, science and technology have given us everything we need. These great scientists have paved the way for India’s glorious future with great discoveries and inventions that have laid a strong foundation of science and technology. Hence, in order to inspire future generations, we must share the contributions and stories of the above-mentioned Indian scientists with them. Now, that we know about extraordinary minds, let us pay attention to the exceptional minds who worked tirelessly to make our lives easier.

Also read,

Ancient Indian scientists and their inventions

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